You want to deploy a Python web application on your Dreamhost shared hosting account. For greater control you will need to manage the version of the python executable and packages required for your app to run and, for this, pyenv is the right tool.
--- install pyenv and create your own temporary folder you@dhs ~$ curl -L https://raw.githubusercontent.com/yyuu/pyenv-installer/master/bin/pyenv-installer | bash you@dhs ~$ mkdir ~/.tmp
As instructed by the pyenv installation, and to use your own temporary folder, add the
following to your
export TMPDIR="$HOME/.tmp" export PATH="$HOME/.pyenv/bin:$PATH" eval "$(pyenv init -)" eval "$(pyenv virtualenv-init -)"
Start a new shell session for changes to take effect. Also note that, if you plan to run some scripts from your app as cron jobs, you’ll need to arrange something similar to be set up before actually running any Python scripts.
It’s probably a good idea to keep your app on its own git repository, so let’s do that.
--- create a new repository you@dhs ~$ mkdir -p ~/repositories/my_app.git you@dhs ~$ cd ~/repositories/my_app.git you@dhs ~/repositories/my_app.git$ git init --bare you@dhs ~/repositories/my_app.git$ cd ~ --- clone into the newly created repository you@dhs ~$ git clone $HOME/repositories/my_app.git you@dhs ~$ cd ~/my_app you@dhs ~/my_app$ mkdir ~/temp you@dhs ~/my_app$ touch temp/restart.txt # will be useful later
Now set up an environment for your app as follows (see pyenv-virtualenv for full docs).
you@dhs ~/my_app$ pyenv install 2.7.10 # get a recent python 2.7 version you@dhs ~/my_app$ pyenv virtualenv 2.7.10 my_app_env # create a new environment you@dhs ~/my_app$ pyenv local my_app_env # associate with the current directory
~/my_app/requirements.txt file with your required python packages, e.g.
certifi flask requests # ... anything else you might need
Install the required packages.
you@dhs ~/my_app$ pip install -r requirements.txt
Let’s get coding! For exmaple using Flask create a simple
hello world app and save it into
~/my_app/my_app.py. If you are new to Flask, it’s
probably a good idea to read and follow the
#!/usr/bin/env python # -*- coding: utf-8 -*- import flask DEBUG = True app = flask.Flask(__name__) app.config.from_object(__name__) @app.route('/') def hello_world(): return 'Hello World!' if __name__ == '__main__': app.run()
For your app to be picked up and served by Dreamhost, you also need to create a
import sys, os INTERP = os.path.join(os.environ['HOME'], '.pyenv', 'versions', 'my_app','bin', 'python') if sys.executable != INTERP: os.execl(INTERP, INTERP, *sys.argv) from my_app import app as application # Comment out the next two lines to disable debugging when your app is ready from werkzeug.debug import DebuggedApplication application = DebuggedApplication(application, evalex=True)
Then login to your Dreamhost Panel, select Domains → Manage Domains, and add or edit a (sub-)domain for your app. Configure as desired, and make sure to set the following options:
|Passenger (Ruby/NodeJS/Python apps only):||(checked)|
Click on “Change settings” and wait for a few minutes. Your app will soon be accessible
http://your.domain.com/. Dreamhost will also create the
public directory in
your app where you can host any static content.
To restart the application after making any changes just type:
you@dhs ~/my_app$ touch temp/restart.txt
Don’t forget to git add, commit, and push all the relevant files of your new app. Clone the repository to develop and debug locally.
you@local ~$ git clone ssh://firstname.lastname@example.org/~/repositories/my_app.git you@local ~$ cd my_app you@local ~/my_app$ ./my_app * Running on http://127.0.0.1:5000/ (Press CTRL+C to quit) * Restarting with stat